The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 227, Issue 1–2, pp 29–43 | Cite as

Tensile and compressive behaviour of S355 mild steel in a wide range of strain rates

  • Ezio Cadoni
  • Daniele Forni
  • Roman Gieleta
  • Leopold Kruszka
Open Access
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Advances in the Characterization, Modeling and Simulation of Materials Subjected to High Strain Rates


This paper presents a comparison between mechanical compressive and tensile properties of S355 structural (mild) steel in a wide range of strain rates. A split Hopkinson pressure bar apparatus is used to investigate the dynamic compressive behaviour at high strain rates (740–5880 s−1). A hydro-pneumatic machine (5–25 s−1) and a modified split Hopkinson tensile bar apparatus (300–850 s−1) are used to study the strain rate sensitivity under dynamic tension. Quasi-static tensile and compressive tests are conducted on a universal electromechanical testing machine. The model parameters of two commonly used constitutive equations (Johnson–Cook and Cowper–Symonds) are also compared, separately for each model during compression and tension deformations.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Open Access This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ezio Cadoni
    • 1
  • Daniele Forni
    • 1
  • Roman Gieleta
    • 2
  • Leopold Kruszka
    • 3
  1. 1.DynaMat Lab, University of Applied Sciences of Southern SwitzerlandCanobbioSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Mechanics and Applied Computer ScienceFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Military University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Military University of TechnologyWarsawPoland

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