A power-rating model for crystalline silicon PV modules

Huld, Thomas and Friesen, Gabriele and Skoczek, Artur and Kenny, Robert P. and Sample, Tony and Field, Michael and Dunlop, Ewan D. (2011) A power-rating model for crystalline silicon PV modules. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 95 (12). pp. 3359-3369.

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A model for the performance of generic crystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) modules is proposed. The model represents the output power of the module as a function of module temperature and in-plane irradiance, with a number of coefficients to be determined by fitting to measured performance data from indoor or outdoor measurements. The model has been validated using data from 3 different modules characterized through extensive measurements in outdoor conditions over several seasons. The model was then applied to indoor measurement data for 18 different PV modules to investigate the variability in modeled output from different module types. It was found that for a Central European climate the modeled output of the 18 modules varies with a standard deviation (SD) of 1.22%, but that the between-module variation is higher at low irradiance (SD of 3.8%). The variability between modules of different types is thus smaller than the uncertainty normally found in the total solar irradiation per year for a given site. We conclude that the model can therefore be used for generalized estimates of PV performance with only a relatively small impact on the overall uncertainty of such estimates resulting from different module types. ?? 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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