MALDI-TOF MS of Trichoderma: a model system for the identification of microfungi

De Respinis, Sophie and Vogel, Guido and Benagli, Cinzia and Tonolla, Mauro and Petrini, Orlando and Samuels, Gary J. (2010) MALDI-TOF MS of Trichoderma: a model system for the identification of microfungi. Mycological Progress, 9 (1). pp. 79-100.

Full text not available from this repository.


This investigation aimed to assess whether MALDI-TOF MS analysis of the proteome could be applied to the study of Trichoderma, a fungal genus selected because it includes many species and is phylogenetically well defined. We also investigated whether MALDI-TOF MS analysis of peptide mass fingerprints would reveal apomorphies that could be useful in diagnosing species in this genus. One hundred and twenty nine morphologically and genetically well-characterized strains of Hypocrea and Trichoderma, belonging to 25 species in 8 phylogenetic clades, were analyzed by MALDI-TOF MS mass spectrometry. The resulting peak lists of individual samples were submitted to single-linkage cluster analysis to produce a taxonomic tree and were compared to ITS and tef1 sequences from GenBank. SuperSpectra™ for the 13 most relevant species of Trichoderma were computed. The results confirmed roughly previously defined clades and sections. With the exceptions of T. saturnisporum (Longibrachiatum Clade) and T. harzianum (Harzianum Clade), strains of individual species clustered very closely. T. polysporum clustered distantly from all other groups. The MALDI-TOF MS analysis accurately reflected the phylogenetic classification reported in recent publications, and, in most cases, strains identified by DNA sequence analysis clustered together by MALDI-TOF MS. The resolution of MALDI-TOF MS, as performed here, was roughly equivalent to ITS rDNA. The MALDI-TOF MS technique analyzes peptides and represents a rough equivalent to sequencing, making this method a useful adjunct for determination of species limits. It also allows simple, reliable, and quick species identification, thus representing a valid alternative to gene sequencing for species diagnosis of Trichoderma and other fungal taxa.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item