Od fotonaponskih materijala integrisanih u zgrade (BIPV) do komponente zgrade. From BIPV to building component.

Frontini, Francesco and Scognamiglio, Alessandra and Graditi, Giorgio and Polo Lopez, Cristina Silvia and Pellegrino, Michele (2016) Od fotonaponskih materijala integrisanih u zgrade (BIPV) do komponente zgrade. From BIPV to building component. BIBLID, 45 (3). pp. 49-54. ISSN 0350-1426

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The present need to, dramatically, increase the renewable part of our energy supply is now pushing to maximize the Photovoltaics (PV) use on the building skins, making architectural and building integration a key issue. This will have an impact both in the building’s design by reducing the energy need by the building itself, and in the diffusion of renewable energies on site (near-by), which will produce the remaining part of energy if it is needed. PV will be gaining more and more relevance in the NZEBs design, thanks to its features and potentialities. “BIPV” is for technicians a well-known acronym to indicate PV module used in/on building when PV modules replace part of the traditional building elements of the envelope. Despite the discussion has been treated in several international projects and research programmes, settled up to find a common definition of BIPV and to help the PV manufactures to produce new innovative module suitable for their use in buildings, PV module are still not used on large scale in building and often are not considered at all by architect and designer as a further option in their projects. The paper tries to underline what are the main causes of this slowdown in the use of PV as building component. Possible solution are also presented especially in order to gives the main stakeholder affordable information of PV module as for a common building component. This paper will start from a review of current definitions used in the field of the use of PV in buildings, and will identify needs for further research. The starting point will be the experience of the authors in several international research project, in the International Energy Agency (SHC Task 41 Solar Energy and Architecture; SHC-ECBCS Task 40-Annex 52 Towards Net Zero Energy Solar Buildings) and, in particular, the participation in the EU 7th FP project “Construct PV”.

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