Mechanomyographic topographical maps in isometric contractions

Madeleine, Pascal and Cescon, Corrado and Farina, Dario (2006) Mechanomyographic topographical maps in isometric contractions. In: Proc. of the XVI Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, 29 Jun - 1 Jul 2006, Torino, Italy.

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The aim was to investigate with a novel technique the spatial inhomogeneity in surface mechanomyographic (MMG) response to muscle contraction at varying force levels. MMG signals were detected over the dominant tibialis anterior muscle of 10 volunteers using a 5×3 grid of accelerometers. The subjects performed 3 s long isometric contractions at forces ranging from 0% to 100% of the maximal force (10% increment) in a randomised order. From the two-dimensional MMG recordings, maps of absolute and normalized temporal and spectralMMGdescriptors were obtained. The centroid and entropy of these maps were computed to describe the spatial centre of activity and degree of homogeneity, respectively. MMG absolute amplitude did not depend on location over the muscle while normalized amplitude did and the centroid shifted with increasing force. Amplitude increased with force and its entropy decreased. Absolute and normalized spectral variables depended on location over the muscle and their centroid shifted with increasing force. In addition, the dependency of absolute and normalized spectral variables on force was affected by location. These results highlight limitations when using single-channel MMG features for the assessment of motor unit control strategies, due to a substantial effect of position on the relation between force and MMG characteristics.

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