Data triangulation on newspapers articles using different software

Crescentini, Alberto and Veltri, Giuseppe (2010) Data triangulation on newspapers articles using different software. In: Abstract book 3rd European workshop on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research 2010: Meeting the challenges and opportunities of integrating software into qualitative research, 07 October 2010 - 08 October 2010, Lisboa.

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The present study is based on an analysis of Spanish National press coverage of nanotechnology. A mixed methodological approach has been used combining classical content analysis, qualitative analysis and text mining techniques. Our data refers to more than 700 articles from the most important Spanish newspapers (El Pais, El Mundo and ABC). We use the LexisNexis database to search the articles using some different keywords. Our sample refers to all the articles published on this topic on the three newspapers available in the database. It can be noticed that most of the newspapers studied in literature belong to what is usually defined as the ‘elite’ or broadsheet press. There is a reason for this methodological choice: these were three newspapers of record and the coverage of nanotechnology in the popular newspapers was very scarce. For the quantitative analysis we used T-lab and for the qualitative one we used Nvivo 8. We divided the body from the headline cause of the specificities of each part (Dor, 2003). The body of the articles has been analyzed using a classical content analysis approach (Berelson, 1952) on the other side for the headline we used an explorative and inferential approach (Ifantidou, 2009). The two sources of information have been analyzed separately and then we triangulated the results to improve the validity of our conclusions (Silverman, 2009). Hence, in this contribute we propose a methodology of combining two software and analytical approaches with aim to show its benefits in terms of reliability and richness of analysis. Findings suggest an overall positive coverage and a predominant framing in terms of economic development and growth with a great attention to the revolutionary nature of nanotechnology as main strategy of 'objectifying' this new technology among others. However, differences were found across the three newspapers taken into account (El Pais, El Mundo and ABC); with El Mundo articulating more on the risk discourse that focused on potential toxicity of nano-particles. Interestingly, we found a substantial influence of transnational events such as Prince Charles’ statement on nanotechnology newspapers coverage. Dor, D. (2003). On newspaper headlines as relevance optmizers. Journal of Pragmatics 35: 695-721. Berelson, B. (1952). Content Analysis in Communication Research. New York: Free Press. Ifantidou, E. (2009). Newspaper headlines and relevance: Ad hoc concepts in ad hoc contexts. Journal of Pragmatics 41: 699-720. Silverman, D. (2009). Doing qualitative research. (3rd ed.). London; Thousand Oaks; New Delhi: Sage

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