A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency

Slooff, Lenneke H. and Bende, Evert E. and Burgers, Andreas R. and Budel, Tobias and Pravettoni, Mauro and Kenny, Robert P. and Dunlop, Ewan D. and Büchtemann, Andreas (2008) A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency. Phsica Status Solidi: Rapid Research Letters, 2 (6). pp. 257-259.

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The Luminescent Solar Concentrator (LSC) consists of a transparent polymer plate, containing luminescent particles. Solar cells are connected to one or more edges of the polymer plate. Incident light is absorbed by the luminescent particles and re-emitted. Part of the light emitted by the luminescent particles is guided towards the solar cells by total internal reflection. Since the edge area is smaller than the receiving one, this allows for concentration of sunlight without the need for solar tracking. External Quantum Efficiency (EQE) and current–voltage (I –V) measurements were performed on LSC devices with multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) or GaAs cells attached to the sides. The best result was obtained for an LSC with four GaAs cells. The power conversion efficiency of this device, as measured at European Solar Test Installation laboratories, was 7.1% (geometrical concentration of a factor 2.5). With one GaAs cell attached to one edge only, the power efficiency was still as high as 4.6% (geometrical concentration of a factor 10). To our knowledge these efficiencies are among the highest reported for the LSC. (© 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

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