Perceptions de la qualité de la formation professionnelle initiale duale par le terrain et les responsables institutionnel-le-s

Sauli, Florinda (2022) Perceptions de la qualité de la formation professionnelle initiale duale par le terrain et les responsables institutionnel-le-s. PhD thesis, Université de Lausanne.

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The development of the quality of the Swiss dual initial vocational education and training (IVET) system is a principle of the federal law. However, what this quality means and how to achieve it are not specified. Indeed, according to a "subjective" vision of quality in training(Stake & Schwandt, 2006), it can be perceived differently and vary according to the stakeholders and their position in the IVET system (Behrens, 2007; Griffin, 2017). In order to identify the issues and processes at work in the definition of quality in Swiss dual IVET, this thesis aims to investigate the articulation and comparison of the perceptions of two groups of stakeholders: on the one hand, those directly involved in the field (apprentices, vocational school teachers and in-company trainers); on the other hand, the "institutional" stakeholders (representatives of the cantonal vocational education and training services and apprenticeship inspectors), who are involved in the definition of the IVET principles and in the control of its quality. In addition, particular emphasis is placed on the articulation between school-based and company-based training, an element that is fundamental in a dual IVET system and that is often associated with its quality (Messmann & Mulder, 2015). Thus, several questions are addressed in the thesis: how do stakeholders describe the quality of IVET? What similarities and differences exist between the perceptions of the various stakeholders? How do they perceive the links between school-based and company-based learning and the collaboration between the different training sites? Three articles, which form the backbone of the thesis, address these questions through the progressive integration of the views of different stakeholder groups. This work has developed a critical and complex view of the elements that constitute and influence the quality of IVET. A discussion through interpretations and practical implications is proposed at the end of the document.

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