Les tensions de rôle chez les apprenti· e· s pour caractériser la qualité perçue de la formation professionnelle en alternance et ses conséquences

Wenger, Matilde and Sauli, Florinda and Berger, Jean-Louis (2021) Les tensions de rôle chez les apprenti· e· s pour caractériser la qualité perçue de la formation professionnelle en alternance et ses conséquences. L'orientation scolaire et professionnelle, 50 (3). pp. 417-447.

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Abstract

In the context of dual initial vocational education and training (IVET), a study in Frenchspeaking Switzerland looked at apprentices’ perceptions of the quality of such training. Some of the perceived quality characteristics of IVET are related to the various roles that apprentices assume at school and in the training company and the consequences that these roles may have on their apprenticeship experience. On the basis of dual apprentices’ responses (N=336), an exploratory factor analysis has identified four dimensions referring to role tensions; path analyses showed that the perception of role tensions was negatively related to self-efficacy, commitment and satisfaction. These results illustrate that different role stress can be associated with the IVET apprentices’ experience, and that this stress has negative effects on the apprentices’ well-being. The discussion part proposes to clarify the latter’s roles.

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