A Circadian and Cardiac Intraocular Pressure Sensor for Smart Implantable Lens

Donida, Achille and Di Dato, Giuseppe and Cunzolo, Paolo and Sala, Marco and Piffaretti, Filippo and Orsatti, Paolo and Barrettino, Diego (2015) A Circadian and Cardiac Intraocular Pressure Sensor for Smart Implantable Lens. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems.

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Abstract

This paper presents a new system to measure the Intraocular Pressure (IOP) with very high accuracy (0.036 mbar)used for monitoring glaucoma. The system not only monitors the daily variation of the IOP (circadian IOP), but also allows to perform an spectral analysis of the pressure signal generated by the heartbeat (cardiac IOP). The system comprises a piezoresistive pressure sensor, an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) to read out the sensor data and an external reader installed on customized glasses. The ASIC readout electronics combines chopping modulation with correlated double sampling (CDS) in order to eliminate both the amplifier offset and the chopper ripple at the sampling frequency. In addition, programmable current sources are used to compensate for the atmospheric pressure (800–1200 mbar) and the circadian component ( +-7mbar) thus allowing to read out the very weak cardiac signals (+-1.6mbar ) with a maximum accuracy of 0.036 mbar.

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