Utilitarian Mechanism Design for Multiobjective Optimization

Grandoni, Fabrizio and Krysta, Piotr and Leonardi, Stefano and Ventre, Carmine (2014) Utilitarian Mechanism Design for Multiobjective Optimization. SIAM Journal on Computing, 43 (4). pp. 1263-1290. ISSN 0097-5397

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In a classic optimization problem, the complete input data is assumed to be known to the algorithm. This assumption may not be true anymore in optimization problems motivated by the Internet where part of the input data is private knowledge of independent selfish agents. The goal of algorithmic mechanism design is to provide (in polynomial time) a solution to the optimization problem and a set of incentives for the agents such that disclosing the input data is a dominant strategy for the agents. In the case of NP-hard problems, the solution computed should also be a good approximation of the optimum. In this paper we focus on mechanism design for multiobjective optimization problems. In this setting we are given a main objective function and a set of secondary objectives which are modeled via budget constraints. Multiobjective optimization is a natural setting for mechanism design as many economical choices ask for a compromise between different, partially conflicting goals. The main contribution of this paper is showing that two of the main tools for the design of approximation algorithms for multiobjective optimization problems, namely, approximate Pareto sets and Lagrangian relaxation, can lead to truthful approximation schemes. By exploiting the method of approximate Pareto sets, we devise truthful deterministic and randomized multicriteria fully polynomial-time approximation schemes (FPTASs) for multiobjective optimization problems whose exact version admits a pseudopolynomial-time algorithm, as, for instance, the multibudgeted versions of minimum spanning tree, shortest path, maximum (perfect) matching, and matroid intersection. Our construction also applies to multidimensional knapsack and multiunit combinatorial auctions. Our FPTASs compute a (1+

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