The European Solar Telescope

Allegri, Daniele Guido and Gardenghi, Roberto and et, al. (2022) The European Solar Telescope. Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript.

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The European Solar Telescope (EST) is an initiative designed to harness the combined knowledge of the European solar physics community, supplemented by communities from all other relevant research fields that have worked on creating state-of-the-art observatories over the last 30 years, towards creating one ambitious next generation solar telescope. EST combines the current state-of-the-art in solar observing with innovative technologies in all possible areas: from the largest aperture primary mirror available in any European solar telescope; through an instrument suite containing multiple Integral Field Unit spectropolarimeters; through a complex Multi Conjugated Adaptive Optics system; to a novel optical configuration designed to compensate the time-dependent instrumental polarisation caused by moving elements in the optical path. This publication represents a complete description of the major subsystems of the telescope, specifically covering the packages that are most advanced at this time. Furthermore, it summarises the fundamental unanswered science questions that led to the definition of EST’s concept and technical requirements.

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