Geomorphological Landscapes in Switzerland

Reynard, Emmanuel and Häuselmann, Philipp and Jeannin, Pierre-Yves and Scapozza, Cristian (2021) Geomorphological Landscapes in Switzerland. In: Reynard, Emmanuel, (ed.) Landscapes and Landforms of Switzerland. World Geomorphological Landscapes . Springer, Cham, pp. 71-81.

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Switzerland’s geomorphological diversity is the result of the combination of (i) a complex geological structure, marked by the prevalence of Alpine orogeny, (ii) Quaternary glaciations, which have seen alpine glaciers invade a large part of the Swiss Plateau, and (iii) the country’s climatic diversity, driven by its position on the Alps and the confluence of climates from southern, northwestern and eastern Europe. Four main types of geomorphological landscapes are presented: glacial, fluvial, karstic, and denudative gravitational.

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