An optimization methodology for intermodal terminal management

Gambardella, Luca Maria and Mastrolilli, Palmo Monaldo and Rizzoli, Andrea Emilio and Zaffalon, Marco (2001) An optimization methodology for intermodal terminal management. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 12 (5-6). pp. 521-534.

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A solution to the problems of resource allocation and scheduling of loading and unloading operations in a container terminal is presented. The two problems are formulated and solved hierarchically. First, the solution of the resource allocation problem returns, over a number of work shifts, a set of quay cranes used to load and unload containers from the moored ships and the set of yard cranes to store those containers on the yard. Then, a scheduling problem is formulated to compute the loading and unloading lists of containers for each allocated crane. The feasibility of the solution is veri®ed against a detailed, discrete-event based, simulation model of the terminal. The simulation results show that the optimized resource allocation, which reduces the costs by 1 3 , can be effectively adopted in combination with the optimized loading and unloading list. Moreover, the simulation shows that the optimized lists reduce the number of crane con ̄icts on the yard and the average length of the truck queues in the terminal.

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