Construction and Building Materials

Volume 218, 10 September 2019, Pages 667-680
Construction and Building Materials

Experimental study on direct tensile behaviour of UHPFRC under high strain-rates


Experimental study on the dynamic direct tensile behaviour of various UHPFRCs.

The three matrixes showed significant strain rate sensitivity in direct tension.

The results on UHPFRC highlighted strain-hardening behaviour in dynamics.

Using dog-bone-shaped specimen the multi-cracking process has been detected.


An experimental investigation was carried out to characterise the direct tensile behaviour at high strain rate of various UHPFRC mix designs (150, 170 and 210 MPa) with various dosages of fibres. The mechanical characterisation at high strain-rate was performed by means of two split Hopkinson tension bar devices and one Hydro-Pneumatic Machine that are installed at the DynaMat Laboratory of the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland in Lugano. The direct tensile tests of different UHPFRCs were performed on cylindrical notched specimens of H/D = 1 with 20 mm and 60 mm in diameter (notch/radius = 0.20) and on dog-bone-shaped specimens. The results highlighted different strain rate sensitivities of the materials. Higher dynamic increase factor was registered for the matrix with special thermal curing respect to those cured as usual. Important increment of strength was obtained for the matrix where sand was partially replaced by Silica Fume. These results are the base for better understanding the dynamic mechanical behaviour that will be obtained by further tests on Ultra High Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concretes (other Ductal® mixes). Such data will provide designers better and more relevant properties of these materials useful for designing protective structures.


Ultra High Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete
Tensile strength
High strain-rates
Split Hopkinson Tensile Bar
View full text