Preparing healthcare students who participate in interprofessional education for interprofessional collaboration: A constructivist grounded theory study protocol

Bianchi, Monica and Bagnasco, Annamaria and Aleo, Giuseppe and Catania, G and Zanini, MP and Timmins, F and Carnevale, Franco and Sasso, Loredana (2017) Preparing healthcare students who participate in interprofessional education for interprofessional collaboration: A constructivist grounded theory study protocol. UNSPECIFIED. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 32 (3). pp. 367-369.

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Abstract

This article presents a qualitative research protocol to explore and understand the interprofessional collaboration (IPC) preparation process implemented by clinical tutors and students of different professions involved in interprofessional education (IPE). Many studies have shown that IPE initiatives improve students’ understanding of the roles and responsibilities of other professionals. This improves students’ attitudes towards other professions, facilitating mutual respect, and IPC. However, there is limited information about how students are prepared to work collaboratively within interprofessional teams. This is a constructivist grounded theory (GT) study, which will involve data collection through in-depth semi-structured interviews (to 9–15 students and 6–9 clinical tutors), participant observations, and the analysis of documentation. After analysing, coding, integrating, and comparing the data if necessary, a second round of interviews could be conducted to explore any particularly interesting aspects or clarify any issues. This will then be followed by focused and theoretical coding. Qualitative data analysis will be conducted with the support of NVivo 10 software (Victoria, Australia). A better conceptual understanding will help to understand if IPE experiences have contributed to the acquisition of competencies considered important for IPC, and if they have facilitated the development of teamwork attitudes.

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