Role of age an IQ in emotion understanding in Autism Spectrum Disorder: implications for educational interventions.

Salomone, Erica and Bulgarelli, Daniela and Thommen, Evelyne and Rossini-Drecq, Emmanuelle and Molina, Paola (2018) Role of age an IQ in emotion understanding in Autism Spectrum Disorder: implications for educational interventions. UNSPECIFIED. European Journal of Special Needs Education.

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Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by impairments in social communication and social cognition. Di culties in emotion understanding, from emotion recognition to emotion regulation are common features that can a ect the inclusion process. One outstanding question is the extent to which age and IQ a ect such impairments. The e ect of IQ and age on emotion understanding was estimated in 55 children with ASD aged between 5 and 10 and with IQ ranging from 70 to 130. Emotion understanding and non-verbal cognitive ability were assessed, respectively, with the Test of Emotion Comprehension and the Leiter-R scale. The majority of participants scored signi cantly lower on the TEC compared to the normative sample. Performance compared against norms decreased with age and improved with increasing IQ; children with ‘borderline cognitive functioning’ performed signi cantly worse than children with‘normative cognitive functioning’. Emotion understanding skills in children with ASD are a ected by cognitive level and age. Implications for educational interventions are discussed.

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