The implementation of recommendations in daily practice: the experience of the nurses of the Oncology institute of Southern Switzerland

Pedrazzani, Carla and Bianchi, Monica and Valcarenghi, Dario and Dimonte, Valerio (2014) The implementation of recommendations in daily practice: the experience of the nurses of the Oncology institute of Southern Switzerland. Assistenza infermieristica e ricerca, 33 (4). pp. 189-197. ISSN 1592-5986

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Abstract

The implementation of recommendations in daily practice: the experience of the nurses of the Oncology institute of Southern Switzerland. Introduction. In spite of the wide spread and availability of the clinical practice guidelines, several problems limit and influence their implementation. Several studies explored how a protocol based care may influence nurses' decision making processes, while only few studies explored how it is used in everyday practice. Aim. This paper explores how the nurses of the Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland implement the care protocols and problems encountered. Methods. Information on the frequency of use of protocols in the previous month, the need and reasons for modifications were collected with a semistructured questionnaire. Nurses were asked to briefly describe the situations that required a change of the protocol. The nurses'perceptions on the use of protocols in clinical practice were further explored with a focus group. Results. Of the 47 questionnaires distributed 38 were returned and 18 cases briefly described. In general, the protocols were widely used but at the same time, frequently adapted mainly by expert nurses (although 19/39 nursed declared that protocols were never modified). Reasons for modifications were mainly related to the clinical situation of the patient, to his/her values and preferences. Conclusions. Instruments that standardize patients' care are frequently modified to account for patients preferences and characteristics. The nurses acknowledged the need of flexible instruments (and not hard rules) to guide their professional practice.

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