The Evaluation of Mathematical Competency: Elaboration of a Standardized Test in Ticino

Crescentini, Alberto and Zanolla, Giovanna (2014) The Evaluation of Mathematical Competency: Elaboration of a Standardized Test in Ticino. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. ISSN 1877-0428

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Abstract

Since 2010 a project with the aim of producing and administering a standardized test (Woolfolk, 2007) to evaluate mathematical competencies in the fourth class of primary school has been started in Ticino. In order to produce the test several steps was necessary: a team has first identified the areas of the mathematical program to be tested, second a group composed by primary and lower secondary school teachers, discipline experts and teachers of mathematical didactics has produced items coherent with the aim and with the characteristics of students and school programs, third the item produced were tested on a sample of students to evaluate the discriminative capacities of the items, fourth a preliminary analysis of the items was carried out, fifth the test was produced and administered to the whole population of students. In the fourth phase we used the classical Rasch model (1960) to evaluate and select the items and the software ConQuest supported in the analysis. Every teacher received a report on his or her own class in which it is possible to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the class on each part of the tested program. This is the first experience in Ticino in producing this kind of tests in the primary school.

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