The rating of texts for an International Database of Emotional Short Texts. First Results.

Werlen, Egon and Bergamin, Per (2017) The rating of texts for an International Database of Emotional Short Texts. First Results. UNSPECIFIED. In: Conference of the COST action E-READ network, Society for History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing (SHARP) and Vilnius Unive Conference of the COST action E-READ network, Society for History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing (SHARP) and Vilnius Unive.

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Abstract

The purpose of this exploratory study is to rate and categorize emotional characteristics of short texts (900-1100 characters) with the aim to create a balanced database for research. Two different procedures were applied to evaluate valence and arousal of 24 German texts written by Swiss volunteers, 19 texts written by Catalan/Spanish and 35 texts written by French volunteers (with subsequent translation), and six further texts, drafted by Swiss researchers. Self-Assessment-Manikins (SAM) were used for an expert rating and the Berlin Affective Word List (BAWL) for an automated lexical rating. Texts from Switzerland, Spain and French show similar average values regarding valence and arousal. The correlation between SAM- and lexical-ratings for valence is r=.61, for arousal r=.23. The categorization of valence yields similar groups with SAM or lexical ratings. These collected text samples are not sufficient (e.g. overrepresentation of high arousal), therefore the additional drafting of stories with support from the lexical word ratings is recommendable.

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