Social Clear-sightedness: A New Approach to Study Socially Desirable Responding in Personality Measurement

Meier, Emanuele and Dompnier, Benoìt and Smeding, Annique and Butera, Fabrizio (2019) Social Clear-sightedness: A New Approach to Study Socially Desirable Responding in Personality Measurement. UNSPECIFIED. Journal of Research in Personality. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Socially desirable responding (SDR) affects the validity of self-reported measures in high stake situations. Notwithstanding the wealth of research devoted to this phenomenon, its operationalization is still under debate. We propose a novel approach that considers SDR as the consequence of a latent personality construct - social clear-sightedness - that corresponds to the individuals' ability to identify social expectations in a social context. Within this framework, SDR is conceived as the context-dependent manifestation of the dispositional latent construct of social clear-sightedness. Two studies were conducted to test the proposed model through a structural modelling approach. Results indicate that SDR is a context-dependent phenomenon, whose probability of occurrence increases with increasing assessment's stakes, but conditionally to individuals' level of social clear-sightedness

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