Multidimensional Deprivation in Contemporary Switzerland Across Social Groups and Time

Lucchini, Mario and Butti, Christine and Assi, Jenny and Spini, Dario and Bernardi, Laura (2014) Multidimensional Deprivation in Contemporary Switzerland Across Social Groups and Time. UNSPECIFIED. Sociological Research Online, 19 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1360-7804

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Abstract

We have investigated the phenomenon of deprivation in contemporary Switzerland through the adoption of a multidimensional, dynamic approach. By applying Self Organizing Maps (SOM) to a set of 33 non-monetary indicators from the 2009 wave of the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), we identified 13 prototypical forms (or clusters) of well-being, financial vulnerability, psycho-physiological fragility and deprivation within a topological dimensional space. Then new data from the previous waves (2003 to 2008) were classified by the SOM model, making it possible to estimate the weight of the different clusters in time and reconstruct the dynamics of stability and mobility of individuals within the map. Looking at the transition probabilities between year t and year t+1, we observed that the paths of mobility which catalyze the largest number of observations are those connecting clusters that are adjacent on the topological space.

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